Gallica rose print in fawn colorway

History of the Gallica Flower

Lola & Gaia's Gallica pattern has quickly become a customer favorite, consistently ranking among our top-selling prints. Its allure lies in its ability to capture the essence of one of history's most captivating flowers. Drawing inspiration from this exquisite bloom, the Gallica pattern exudes a timeless elegance that resonates with those seeking a touch of beauty and sophistication in their lives.

The Gallica flower, also known as the French rose, is a beautiful and fragrant flower that has been cultivated for centuries. Its rich history and unique characteristics make it a beloved flower among gardeners and rose enthusiasts. In this article, we will explore the history of the Gallica flower and its journey from ancient times to modern gardens.

Origins of the Gallica Flower

The Gallica flower is believed to have originated in Persia (modern-day Iran) and was brought to Europe by the Crusaders in the 12th century. It is said that the Crusaders were so enamored by the beauty and fragrance of the flower that they brought it back to their home countries, where it quickly gained popularity.

Early Cultivation and Symbolism

Gallica flower in bloom
by Carlos Quintero (

The Gallica flower was first cultivated in monasteries and gardens in France, where it was prized for its medicinal properties and its beauty. It was also used in religious ceremonies and was often associated with the Virgin Mary, earning it the nickname "Mary's Rose."

In the Middle Ages, the Gallica flower became a symbol of love and was often used in love potions and spells. It was also a popular motif in art and literature, with many famous poets and writers referencing the flower in their works.

Rise in Popularity

During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Gallica flower gained widespread popularity in Europe, particularly in France and England. It was during this time that the flower was given its official name, "Gallica," which is derived from the Latin word "Gaul," meaning France.

Royal Gardens and Varieties

The Gallica flower was highly sought after by royalty and was often grown in the gardens of kings and queens. King Henry VIII of England was known to have a large collection of Gallica roses in his gardens, and Queen Elizabeth I was also a fan of the flower.

During this time, many new varieties of Gallica roses were developed, including the famous "Cardinal de Richelieu" and "Tuscany Superb." These varieties were known for their deep, rich colors and strong fragrance, making them popular among the elite.

Decline and Revival

Gallica rose varieties
by Annie Spratt (

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Gallica flower saw a decline in popularity as other rose varieties, such as the Damask rose, became more fashionable. However, the Gallica rose experienced a revival in the 20th century, thanks to the efforts of rose breeders and enthusiasts.

Preservation Efforts

In the early 20th century, rose breeders began to focus on preserving and reviving old rose varieties, including the Gallica rose. Many old gardens and estates were restored, and the Gallica rose was once again planted in these historic gardens.

Modern Cultivation and Varieties

Today, the Gallica flower is still cultivated and cherished by rose enthusiasts around the world. It is known for its hardiness and disease resistance, making it a popular choice for gardeners. There are also many modern varieties of Gallica roses, including "Charles de Mills" and "Belle de Crecy," which are beloved for their vibrant colors and strong fragrance.

Characteristics of the Gallica Flower

The Gallica flower is known for its unique characteristics, which set it apart from other rose varieties. Here are some of the defining features of the Gallica flower:

Color and Appearance

Gallica roses come in a range of colors, including shades of red, pink, purple, and white. They are known for their vibrant, rich colors and often have a deep, velvety texture. The flowers are typically medium-sized and have a cupped shape with many petals.


One of the most beloved characteristics of the Gallica flower is its strong, sweet fragrance. The flowers have a distinct scent that is often described as spicy or clove-like. This fragrance is one of the reasons why the Gallica rose has been so popular throughout history.

Hardiness and Disease Resistance

Gallica roses are known for their hardiness and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions. They are also resistant to many common rose diseases, making them a low-maintenance choice for gardeners.

Growing and Caring for Gallica Roses

Gallica rose garden
by Thoa Ngo (

If you're interested in growing Gallica roses in your garden, here are some tips for caring for these beautiful flowers:


Gallica roses prefer a sunny location with well-drained soil. They can be planted in the spring or fall, and should be spaced at least 3 feet apart to allow for proper air circulation.

Watering and Fertilizing

Water your Gallica roses deeply once a week, and make sure the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer in the spring and again in the summer to promote healthy growth.


Prune your Gallica roses in the late winter or early spring, removing any dead or damaged branches and shaping the plant as desired. This will help promote new growth and keep the plant healthy.

Pest and Disease Control

Gallica roses are generally resistant to pests and diseases, but they can still be affected by common rose problems such as aphids and black spot. Regularly inspect your plants and treat any issues promptly to keep your Gallica roses healthy.

The Gallica flower has a rich and fascinating history, and its unique characteristics make it a beloved flower among gardeners and rose enthusiasts. From its origins in Persia to its revival in modern gardens, the Gallica rose has stood the test of time and continues to be a popular choice for its beauty, fragrance, and hardiness. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or just starting out, consider adding a Gallica rose to your garden for a touch of history and beauty.

Moreover, kindly consider our top-selling print that will bring color and joy to your daily life. Here are a few of our favorite styles, but be sure to explore the complete Gallica Collection for a wide range of products inspired by this beloved rose!

 Gallica Tote Fawn front view

Gallica Canvas Tote Bag in the delightful Fawn color, a gorgeous combination of light pink and ivory hues.

Gallica Tote Bering Sea front view

Gallica Canvas Tote Bag in the exquisite color of Bering Sea, a captivating combination of teal blue and ivory hues.

Gallica Clutch, Arctic Wolf front view

Gallica Canvas Clutch in the unique and elegant shade of Arctic Wolf. 

Gallica Clutch, Bering Sea front view

Gallica Canvas Clutch in the color Bering Sea, a captivating combination of teal blue and ivory hues that will surely make a statement wherever you go.


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